Jean-Paul Lellouche (1981 PhD degree/education in Organic Chemistry field, University La Doua, Lyon - France) moved in October 2000 to the Bar-Ilan University (Ramat-Gan, Israel) - Department of Chemistry & Institute of Nanotechnology
& Advanced Materials as a Full Professor in synthetic Organic Chemistry/Nano(bio)technology (July 2008) & recent Dpt Head (Oct 2017-July 2018). His main current R&D activities concern nanomaterials engineering science (magnetic/non-magnetic drug/siRNA & micro RNA delivery systems, theranostic nanoparticles
for human therapy). He authored 155 peer-reviewed scientific papers (2,528 citations), 15 patents, and 4 book chapters together with a recent start-up creation activity (January 2019 – NANODROPs project).
Tungsten disulfide nanotubes
(INTs-WS2) are extremely hydrophobic and chemically inert inorganic nanomaterials
. This feature quite strongly limits their usefulness in numerous mechanical hardness and tribology-relating research developments and subsequent industrial/bio-active end-applications. Thus, the covalent versatile linkage of any kind of functional organic and/or biology-relating species remains a quite critical developmental step towards highly innovative high-performance nanomaterials
and multiphase composites in the field of essential interfacial versatile chemistries. In such a highly challenging methodology/ functionalization issue context concerning these chemically inert hydrophobic nanomaterials
, an innovative method of surface functionalization (versatile polycarboxylation – polyCOOH shell formation) of multi-walled inorganic nanotubes (INTs-WS2) and fullerene-like (IFs-WS2) nanoparticles
has been successfully developed. This covalent functionalization method makes use of highly electrophilic and reactive imminium salts (Vilsmeier-Haack (VH) complexes reactions) in order to enable the introduction of a chemically versatile polyacidic (polyCOOH) shell onto the surface of VH-treated inorganic nanomaterials
. Moreover, a significant statistical Design Of Experiments (DoE) method has been also involved for global optimization of this multi-parametric polyCOOH shell generation. This novel INTs-nanotube
sidewall polyCOOH functionalization enabled innovative-targeted interfacial chemistries. Indeed, it enabled the effective nanofabrication of a wide range of covalent WS2-INTs surface modifications (polyNH2, polyOH, polySH) via (i) polyCOOH chemical activation (EDC, CDI) and (ii) 2nd step covalent nucleophilic substitutions by short -aminated bifunctional ligands H2N-linker-X (X outer surface functionality). Moreover, an additional innovative surface engineering
methodology for same multi-walled inorganic nanotubes (INTs-WS2) has been also discovered via use of small 5.5-6.0 nm-sized lanthanide action/complex-doped magnetic maghemite nanoparticles towards corresponding magnetically responsive inorganic nanotubes
for photo-thermal therapy (PTT) anti-cancer bioactivity. Resulting fully characterized functional INTs-WS2 (f-INTs-WS2) have a quite wide potential for use as novel functional nanoscale fillers toward new mechanically strengthened and/or conductive composite polymeric matrices (case of hybrid polythiophenedecorated f-INTs-WS2 nanocomposites
, Figure 1). Corresponding novel functional nanomaterials/nanoscale fillers have been also shown to be PTT bioactive and non-toxic in preliminary toxicity studies, which opens a wide R&D route/progress for relating end-user applications (cellular toxic CNTs nanofillers
replacement for example).